Abigail Adams was the wife of John Adams, the second President of the United States. She was also the mother of the sixth President, John Quincy Adams. Abigail was known as “Mrs President” because her husband often asked for heradvice when he was in office. This helpedthe First Ladies who came after her to bemore involved in politics.
Abigail and her husband wrote over 1000 letters to each other. These letters are important eyewitness accounts of what life was like during theAmerican Revolution.
5 facts about Abigail Adams:
During the revolution, Adams made bullets for the American cause
John and Abigail exchanged over 1100 letters
She was an early women's right advocate
John and Abigail really hated Alexander Hamilton
She was the first presidential wife to live in the white house
“Learning is not attained by chance, it must be sought for with ardor and attended to with diligence.”
“My bursting heart must find vent at my pen.”
“I hate to complain...No one is without difficulties, whether in high or low life, and every person knows best where their own shoe pinches.”
Abigail was born on November 11, 1744 in Weymouth, Massachusetts. She had an older brother and two younger sisters.
Her father was William Smith, a church minister. He had a large library thatmany clergymen and students would visit. This made Abigail appreciate agood education.
But Abigail didn’t go to school, like many girls at the time. Her mother, Elizabeth Smith, taught her to read and write.
Abigail was very bright. She knew a great deal about poetry, philosophy and politics.
Abigail and John Adams were third cousins and knew of each other sincechildhood. John fell in love with Abigail when she was 17. He was impressed byher beauty and her brains.
Two years later they were married. They soon moved to Boston, where John made his name as a lawyer. They began a family and had three sons and twodaughters.
The American Revolution
Shortly after they married, the American Revolution began to take shape. Both Abigail and John wanted America to be free from British rule.
In 1774, John was sent to Philadelphia to serve in the first congress. Abigailstayed at home to raise the children.
Abigail shared control of the family’s money and property. She bought more land for their farm. This amount of control was rare for a woman at the time.
The couple had never been apart before and began writing letters to eachother. John would ask Abigail for advice on his work in congress. Abigail wouldreport back with news on the American Revolution and how the people of Boston were reacting to policies.
In 1776, Congress began debating the Declaration of Independence. This was an important decision if the colonies were to become a nation in their ownright.
Abigail urged her husband to make sure that any new laws gave women equal rights to men. She famously told him to “Remember the ladies.”
John wasn’t persuaded, but her letters stand out today as some of the earliestknown writings on women’s rights.